Pests

Bed Bugs

Are small, oval, flat bloodsucking insects that invade the sleeping are of human and other animals. These insects can be brought into the home regardless of any reasonable precautions, such as poor housekeeping. Once in the home, they can become numerous and irritate the well-being of the occupants. Bed bugs are mostly fed during the night by biting people who are asleep and hey can also feed during the day if the light is dim. When Bed Bugs bite, they inject an anticoagulant that prevents clotting in the skin. If they are being fed and are undisturbed, a grown bed bug can be filled with blood within three to five minutes. Bed bugs can also live for four months to more than a year under normal conditions and can lay as many as 200 to 500 eggs. 

Flies

  

Classified under the order Diperta, domestic flies are insects that have been known to transfer disease from one organism to another. Domestic flies can transfer pathogenic organisms by holding faecal matter, regurgitated liquid and bacteria which can be deposited on human food.  Adult flies have three different body regions which includes the Abdomen, thorax and the head. Their large compound eyes allow them to detect the slightest of movements and lapping/sponging mouth parts that do not bite. 

Ants

  

Over a hundred species of Ants are present in Canada and build most of their nests in soil. Some of these nests can be found under foundations, rocks, wood or concrete slabs. Some species of Ants can sting or bite in defense of the nest or if disturbed. Homeowners often confuse ants with termites due to their similar wing structure, which often leads to mistakes in identification. All ants have elbowed antennae regardless if they are winged or not. 

Earwigs

  

Regarded as one of the most common pests in gardens and homes, the earwig consumes both plant and animal matter. The damage is caused mostly by young earwigs and takes advantage of primary damage, such as living in hiding places made by other insects. Young earwigs have an identical appearance to their adult counterparts but smaller. The adult earwigs have their large wings folded under their wing pads but do not fly often. Most earwigs die within severe spring and winter weather (dying most of the time in winter) but can live as much as one year. Female earwigs can lay as much as 60 eggs on the top of 4 to 6 cm of soil. Once hatched, they can reach adulthood in 70 days. Earwigs seek food during the night and hide in cool, moist and dark areas during the day and enter into the house by accident in search of these suitable conditions. Also, earwigs do not breed in the home and are not known to be disease carriers

Silver Fish

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Classified under the other Thysanura, silverfish are wingless insects are considered both unspecialized and primitive. Three species of silverfish reside in Ontario alone. Silverfish are covered with metal looking scales with a flat, tapered torpedo shaped body. Silverfish are nocturnal and prefer humid condition as well as dark areas but can also be found outside. Silverfish’s life cycle do not undergo metamorphosis and so when their eggs hatch, they will moult until they become adults. Silverfish can feed on substances such as wallpaper paste, glue, bread crumbs and starchy and cellulose products, textiles and paper.